A quintessential vacation destination, South America offers boundless opportunities when it comes to nature, historical and modern attractions, fun and vibrant festivals, and mouthwatering cuisine. Made up of 12 countries with almost 400 million people, it has a long and rich history that helped shaped its diverse and unique culture and practices to what they are now. Because of several centuries of colonialism, most South Americans speak Spanish or Portuguese, and observe similar traditions to their Western colonizers.
Some of the most popular tourist destinations in the region are the Machu Picchu and Colca Canyon in Peru, the Iguazu Falls in the border of Argentina and Brazil, the Amazon forest, the Angel Falls in Venezuela, the Galapagos Islands in Ecuador, the Perito Moreno Glacier in Argentina, Salar de Uyuni in Bolivia, Atacama Desert and Torres del Paine in Chile, and the Lake Titicaca in the border of Bolivia and Peru. Festivals and events such as the Carnaval (held in several countries, with the one in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil as the most famous), Fiesta de San Juan Bautista in Venezuela, and Semana Santa are always highly anticipated, and can be enjoyed better by feasting on local cuisine and dishes such as empanadas, arepas, dulce de leche, feijoada, and picarones.